Economic Transformation Under Kim Jong Il
Kim Jong Il noted the importance of both economic reforms and North Korea’s connecting with the outside world. However, domestic political constraints did not allow him to proceed with bold reforms constantly. The geopolitical environment at the time was also not helpful for Kim Jong Il to move the reforms forward. His unsuccessful reforms resulted in economic chaos. Kim Jong Il’s main reform measures, the barriers to the reforms, and the consequences to the economy due to his unsuccessful reforms are evaluated in this chapter.
ISDP Annual Report 2023
ISDP’s Annual Report for the year 2023. We look back on 2023, a year in which tensions and conflicts captured the strategic space in ISDP’s focus areas, making headlines around […]
South Korea’s Indo-Pacific Strategy, Atmanirbhar Bharat, and the IPEF: Convergence and Commonality
For some time now, the existing multilateral networks such as those of the United Nations (UN) system have been largely ineffective in providing good global governance and helping create resilience, […]
Indo-Pacific at a Loss: The Abe Memoire
Within a divided world, Abe’s most defining legacy for Japan, the regional and global community, was that he built a united democratic Indo-Pacific coalition. Often termed the most “Consequential Prime […]
Kishida’s India Visit: Samaritan of the Eleventh Hour?
First of a two part series on Prime Minister Fumio Kishida’s travel to India and Cambodia in March 2022. This article is part of the [Asia’s Next Page] series on JAPAN Forward. Find […]
The Political Split at the Heart of Taiwan’s Struggle against Foreign Disinformation
Taiwan’s struggle against foreign disinformation and concerns about China’s impact on its 2024 election has received much international attention recently. This issue brief examines the domestic and international politics behind […]