Non-resident Research Fellow
Dr. Sandra Cassotta joined ISDP in November 2014 as a non-resident Research Fellow under the ISDP’s Sino-Nordic Arctic Policy Program (SNAPP). She is currently an Associate Professor in International Environmental Law at the Department of Law of Aalborg University (Denmark), and teaches Arctic Governance, Climate Change & Energy Law, Environmental Law and EU Law. Dr. Cassotta is the Lead Author at the IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change – United Nations ) on Polar Issues from 2017-19, Adjunct Professor of Law at Western Sydney University, School of Law, International Centre of Ocean Governance (ICOG), and a Fellow at the Sustainability College Bruges – SCB (Belgium).
She specializes in environmental damage and liability problems in a multi-level context. Included in her area of interests are human rights, law of the sea (UNCLOS), and environmental security (particularly that of the Arctic Ocean). Though a legal scholar, Dr. Cassotta’s approach is interdisciplinary, combining law with international relations, economics, and elements of (climate) environmental science, the ultimate purpose of which is to improve regime effectiveness.
Her contribution to SNAPP will be a new approach to secure environmental problems in the context of the new climate change effects, especially in the Arctic area, given international environmental law and governance and a security–oriented approach. Climate change will be framed as a new collective security problem, as opposed to a mere “environmental problem”, with corresponding societal solutions drawn from law, integrated with the above-mentioned disciplines. Only by reframing climate change as the biggest collective security problem faced by humanity, and understanding it as a matter of collective security, will it be possible to design new paradigms around environment and security and vice versa.
Dr. Cassotta was born and raised in Brussels. She holds a B.A. in language from the European School of Brussels (Uccle), an M.S. in political science from the State University of Milan (Italy), and Ph.D. in international environmental law from Aarhus University (Denmark). She worked for 14 years in the private and public sectors, and worked as media press and information officer at the International Olive Oil Council (United Nations aegis) for several years in Madrid (Spain), writing press releases, session reports of intergovernmental meetings, and official briefings for the executive director.
Publications by Sandra Cassotta
Climate Change, Environmental Threats and Cybersecurity in the European High North
This paper – “Climate Change, Environmental Threats and Cybersecurity in the European High North”, appears as a chapter in a wider study entitled “Enablement Besides Constraints: Human Security and a […]
Climate Change, Environmental Threats and Cyber-Threats to Critical Infrastructures in Multi-Regulatory Sustainable Global Approach with Sweden as an Example
Abstract This article explores and analyzes the nexus between climate change, environmental threats, and cyber-threats in a multi-regulatory contextual sustainable global approach with Sweden as an example. Research and collection […]
Cyber Threats, Harsh Environment and the European High North (EHN) in a Human Security and Multi-Level Regulatory Global Dimension: Which Framework Applicable to Critical Infrastructures under “Exceptionally Critical Infrastructure Conditions” (ECIC)?
Abstract Business opportunities in the European High North (EHN) are accompanied by the danger of cyber-threats, especially to critical infrastructures which in these Arctic regions become “extra critical” because of […]
Sustainable Cybersecurity? Rethinking Approaches to Protecting Energy Infrastructure in the European High North
In this paper, the authors argue for rethinking the existing cybersecurity governance structures and propose an approach that connects cybersecurity and environmental governance. Rapidly increasing digitization has positively contributed to […]
The Role of Science Diplomacy: A Historical Development and International Legal Framework of Arctic Research Stations Under Conditions of Climate Change, Post-Cold War Geopolitics and Globalization/Power Transition
The Arctic is undergoing transformation, where three important drivers are climate change, post-Cold War geopolitics and globalization/power transition from the rise of China. This transformation defines the nexus between science […]
Climate Change and Human Security in a Regulatory Multilevel and Multidisciplinary Dimension: The Case of the Arctic Environmental Ocean
Climate change determines the retreat of ice. This has created a huge access to petroleum, attracting strong interest by some states, especially energy hungry-countries and increasing competition between states, resulting […]
Climate Change and China as a Global Emerging Regulatory Sea Power in the Arctic Ocean: Is China a Threat for Arctic Security?
The impact of climate change in the Arctic Ocean such as ice melting and ice retreat facilitates natural resources extraction. Arctic fossil fuel becomes the drivers of geopolitical changes in […]