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Organized Crime

Transnational organized crime is to be regarded as one of the greatest global threats to human security and the development of open and democratic societies. For the only overarching purpose of maximizing profit at the least possible risk, transnational organized crime has come to permeate the very fabric of the structures and institutions by which we define the international system. From activities such as the trafficking of drugs, humans and small arms to money laundering and fraud actors engaged in organized crime are able to use their enormous profits for re-investments into the legal economy. The long term results include serious damage to society such as the growth of corruption and public mistrust in political actors.

Based on several years of academic research, projects and policy studies on issues related to transnational organized crime, ISDP now launches a greater and more focused initiative on transnational organized crime. The aim of the initiative is to raise the public awareness and create a debate on the negative societal effects of transnational organized crime. Six major research areas will form the initial base of the initiative; Organized Crime in the Baltic Sea Region, Protecting Legitimacy in Politics, Drug Prevention, Human Trafficking for Labor Exploitation, Russian Organized Crime, Financial Crime and Money Laundering. Within each area the work will be done in close cooperation with academics, practitioners and policy makers in the field. Results will be disseminated in reports, articles and open seminars.

Drug Prevention PDF Print Email
Projects

The usage of illicit drugs in the western world is of major concern to the public health of citizens. It is also a problem of regional security as funds from drug trafficking prolongs violent conflicts and destabilizes source and transit countries. Drug trafficking fuels transnational organized crime groups who corrodes on the integrity of states.

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Financial Crime and Money Laundering PDF Print Email
Projects

So far, very little is known when it comes to the magnitude of financial crime and money laundering on the global level. The deregulation of capital markets and advance of communication technologies has further facilitated cross border illicit flows. Also, the hidden nature of the problem, various biases and key information gaps in existing research impedes efficient counter measures.

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Human Trafficking for Labor Exploitation PDF Print Email
Projects

Despite being active in counteracting human trafficking in sexual services Swedish authorities have not yet managed to address the problem of human trafficking for labor exploitation. The authorities lack an overall picture of the size of the problem, tools with which to counteract it and knowledge of what human trafficking for labor exploitation really is.

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Narcotics, Organized Crime and Security in Eurasia PDF Print Email
Projects

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During the latter part of the 20th century, illegal drug production for Western markets has developed and consolidated in various parts of Asia. The near entirety of the heroin consumed in Europe originates in Afghanistan, with major individual and societal problems in the countries of consumption. However, the production and smuggling of heroin causes even worse problems in the production and transit countries. In the states along the smuggling routes, narcotics affect the general health conditions of the population, with severe diseases including HIV/AIDS as a result. It also contributes to crime and social conflicts, exacerbates corruption and threatens sovereignty, fuels extremism and terrorism, and plays an important role in civil wars.

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Organized Crime in the Baltic Sea Region PDF Print Email
Projects

The Baltic Sea Region has undergone tremendous changes over the last two decades. Once divided by the Iron Curtain, the countries in the region have become increasingly integrated through the transition into democracy and market economy and the expansion of the EU. Organized crime has advantaged from the integration of the Baltic Sea Region by becoming increasingly transnational. This challenges law enforcement agencies to follow suit.

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Protecting Legitimacy in Politics in the Baltic States PDF Print Email
Projects

Organized crime is corroding democratic institutions and processes and compromising the legitimacy of political life in both established and emerging democracies. The effects of illegal networks over political processes are multiple and range from the illicit financing of political campaigns to the formation of new legally established political parties; and from voter intimidation to collusion with emerging or established political movements and figures.

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Russian Organized Crime PDF Print Email
Projects

The transnational character of Russian organized crime, when coupled with its high degree of sophistication and ruthlessness, has attracted the world's attention and concern to what has become known as a global "Russian Mafia." Along with this concern, however, has come a fair amount of misunderstanding and stereotyping with respect to Russian organized crime groups.

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Traditional and Non-traditional Security in Eurasia PDF Print Email
Projects

Since the end of the Cold War, the need to widen the concept of security and distinguish between "hard" and "soft" security threats has been increasingly accepted, but the implementation of strategies to face "soft" security threats has been less prominent. This has changed somewhat but the problem that we now faces is that the separation between hard (traditional) and soft (non-traditional) security threats has been almost total, and in many ways artificial. It has been a positive trend to elevate the so called new security threats, but there has been a failure to understand in what way old and new security threats overlap and in many ways in fact reinforce each other. This book aims at analyzing both the traditional and traditional security threats in Eurasia, but more importantly conncecting these with each other to see how they interact and reinforce each other. Another aim is to understand what the impact is on the region and what can be done to combat the security threats in Eurasia.

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Publications on Organized Crime

Aïssata Maïga, Walter Kegö
New Frontiers: Russian-Speaking Organized Crime in Latin America
POLICY BRIEF, No. 133, October 02, 2013 Webpage Link
Walter Kegö , Aïssata Maïga
The Rise of Transnational Russian-Speaking Organized Crime
POLICY BRIEF, No. 130, September 06, 2013 Webpage Link
Walter Kegö, Alexander Georgieff
The Threat of Russian Criminal Money: Reassessing EU Anti-Money Laundering Policy
STOCKHOLM PAPER, June 2013, pp. 65 Webpage Link
Alexander Sukharenko
Russian Organized Crime and its Impact on Foreign Economies
POLICY BRIEF, No. 114, February 20, 2013 Webpage Link
Walter Kegö, Alexander Georgieff
Reassessing the Risk Based Anti-Money Laundering Strategy
POLICY BRIEF, No. 106, November 16, 2012 Webpage Link
Walter Kegö, Alexander Georgieff
The Untouchables: Russian 'dirty money' in Europe
POLICY BRIEF, No. 101, October 10, 2012 Webpage Link
Walter Kegö and Alexandru Molcean (ed.)
Russian Organized Crime: Recent Trends in the Baltic Sea Region
BOOK, March 2012, pp. 102 Webpage Link
Gert Vermeulen
Approaching & Counteracting Contemporary Organized Crime
POLICY BRIEF, No. 87, February 15, 2012 Webpage Link
Walter Kegö, Christina Wenngren
Russian Organized Crime in Sweden
POLICY BRIEF, No. 85, January 31, 2012 Webpage Link
Walter Kegö, Erik Leijonmarck
Countering Cross-Border Crime in the Baltic Sea Region
STOCKHOLM PAPER, December 2011, pp. 42 Webpage Link
Walter Kegö, Erik Leijonmarck and Alexandru Molcean (ed.)
Organized Crime and the Financial Crisis: Recent Trends in the Baltic Sea Region
BOOK, June 2011, pp. 151 Webpage Link
Walter Kegö, Mathias Hedlund
Europe and Afghan Heroin
ISDP POLICY BRIEF, No. 57, March 03, 2011 Webpage Link
Walter Kegö, Alexandru Molcean
Russian Speaking Organized Crime Groups in the EU
STOCKHOLM PAPER, March 2011, pp. 59 Webpage Link
Andrejs Vilks
Latvian Organized Crime Invests in Politics
ISDP POLICY BRIEF, No. 46, December 1, 2010 Webpage Link
Niklas Swanström
Organized Crime in Pacific - Asia: Cooperation and Challenges
BOOK CHAPTER, in Security Cooperation and Asia Pacific, November 2010
Niklas Swanström
Smoking Tiger, Injecting Dragon: The Illegal Trade in Narcotics in China
JOURNAL ARTICLE, Freeman Report, November 2010 Webpage Link
Walter Kegö
The Fight Against Money Laundering in Latvia and Sweden
ISDP POLICY BRIEF, No. 40, October 21, 2010 Webpage Link
Erik Leijonmarck, Camilla Asyrankulova
The Role of Organized Crime and Drug Trafficking in Kyrgyzstan’s Ethnic Crisis
ISDP POLICY BRIEF, No. 39, October 13, 2010 Webpage Link
Konrad Raczkowski
Transnational Organized Crime: An Economic Security Threat in the Baltic Sea Region
STOCKHOLM PAPER, October 2010, pp. 71 Webpage Link
Cemal Özkan, Walter Kegö
Baltic Joint Investigation Team: A New Working Method against Transnational Crime
ISDP POLICY BRIEF, No. 28, May 05, 2010 Webpage Link

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